52nd amendment to the constitution of india deals with

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List of Important Amendments of the Indian Constitution

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Karnataka-esque political catastrophes might be an exception if a strong anti-defection law is brought in soon Politics FP Staff Jul 25, IST. What is does the present anti-defection law say? File photo of the Parliament of India. Twitter loksabhatv. Top Stories. What are electronic cigarettes? The Ordinance defines electronic cigarettes e-cigarettes as battery-operated devices that heat a substance, which may or may not contain nicotine, to create vapour for inhalation.


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These e-cigarettes can also contain different flavours such as menthol, mango, watermelon, and cucumber. Usually, e-cigarettes are shaped like conventional tobacco products such as cigarettes, cigars, or hookahs , but they also take the form of everyday items such as pens and USB memory sticks. Unlike traditional cigarettes, e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco and therefore are not regulated under the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, What are the international regulations for e-cigarettes?

This was suggested due to emerging evidence on the negative health impact of these products which could result in lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and other illnesses associated with smoking. Since then, several countries such as Brazil, Mexico, Singapore, and Thailand have banned the production, manufacture, and sale of e-cigarettes.

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Further, the advertisement and promotion, and the levels of nicotine in e-cigarettes is also regulated. Prior to the Ordinance, were e-cigarettes regulated in India? In August , the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare had released an advisory to all states requiring them to not approve any new e-cigarettes and restrict the sale and advertisements of e-cigarettes. Based on this advisory, 15 states including Delhi, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh have since banned e-cigarettes.

However, this advisory was challenged in the Delhi High Court in March , which subsequently imposed a stay on the ban. What does the Ordinance do? The Ordinance prohibits the production, manufacture, import, export, transport, sale, distribution and advertisement of e-cigarettes in India.

Any person who contravenes this provision will be punishable with imprisonment of up to one year, or a fine of one lakh rupees, or both.

For any subsequent offence, the person will be punishable with an imprisonment of up to three years, along with a fine of up to five lakh rupees. Additionally, storage of e-cigarettes will be punishable with an imprisonment of up to six months, or a fine of Rs 50, or both. Once the Ordinance comes into force i. Such an authorised officer may be a police officer at least at the level of a sub-inspector , or any other officer as notified by the central or state government.

Important Constitutional Amendments - Indian Polity - Major Amendments of Indian Constitution

Note that, the Ordinance does not contain any provisions regarding possession or use of e-cigarettes. The Ordinance will be in force for the next six months, and must be approved by Parliament within six weeks of the commencement of the next session of Parliament. If it is not passed within this time frame, it will cease to be in force.

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Share Tweet Email Print. The Anti-Defection Law Explained. No comments. Vibhor Relhan - December 6, Comments. What is the anti-defection law? End the imposture. The emperor is not wearing any clothes anyway.


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Why pretend otherwise. One should not be allowed to change side until he gets re elected. Very tawdry scenes are playing out. Completely at variance with those who make the tallest claims about upholding probity in public life. When the bui In fact, the party system itself is not proper.

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